source by bbc:Syria is now in a state of civil war and the government has lost control of "large chunks" of cities, the UN's head of peacekeeping has told reporters.
His comments came as UN monitors in Syria were fired on as they tried to reach the besieged town of Haffa.
Meanwhile, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton accused Russia of supplying attack helicopters to the Syrian government.
She said the move would "escalate the conflict quite dramatically".
Russia maintains its arms shipments to Syria are unrelated to the conflict there.